Citizenship by Investment in Cyprus

In order to boost foreign investment and attract high net worth entrepreneurs, the government of Cyprus has introduced an incentive that allows individuals to obtain Cypriot citizenship in exchange for significant financial investments in the country. The program, which is officially called “Scheme for Naturalization of Investors in Cyprus by Exception”, grants Cypriot citizenship to non-Cypriot [...]

Inheritance Taxation in Bulgaria Extremely Low

Bulgarian citizens who inherit property worldwide and foreign individuals who inherit movable and immovable property located in Bulgaria are subject to Bulgarian inheritance tax. Inheritance taxation in Bulgaria is governed by Articles 29 to 43 of the Local Taxes and Fees Law. Who is paying inheritance tax? The following persons are subject to inheritance tax: (1) [...]

Hungarian Trust

On 15th of March 2014, Hungary introduced the legal structure of “trust” in its legal system. Similarly to the Anglo-American trust, the Hungarian trust consists of three actors, namely, the settlor, the trustee, and the beneficiary. The settlor is the owner of the assets, whereas the trustee manages the settlor’s assets. Subject to certain conditions, the [...]


Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), is not only the cultural and political center of the country, but also one of the major commercial and industrial areas in the UAE. Abu Dhabi hosts six free zones offering advantageous business environment to foreign investors. MasdarCity Free Zone (MCFZ), a global clean-technology cluster,which specializes [...]

Offshore firms own 40.000 properties in London

A research conducted by the British newspaper The Guardian demonstrates that the offshore ownership of properties in London has increased with 9% over the last 10 months. At present, companies registered in tax havens, such as Panama, Liechtenstein, Cayman Islands, and the British Virgin Islands, own around 40.000 commercial and residential buildings in Greater London. The [...]


According the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United States has the highest corporate income tax rate in the world. Corporate profits in the US are taxed at rather outrageous corporate tax rates, averagely 39,1%. Therefore, an increasing number of large American corporations, including Apple and Google, chose to relocate their businesses overseas to [...]

Taxation in Georgia

Georgia, a country in the Caucasus region, is located on a crossroad between European and Asian markets. Due to Georgia’s business advantages, such as a low-cost workforce, a stable political environment, an attractive tax regime, and a well-developed infrastructure, an increasing number of foreign investors choose to outsource their business activities in Georgia. Moreover, in order [...]

The New EU Succession Rules

The new EU Regulation No 650/2012 came into force in 2015 in order to simplify and harmonize the legislation related to succession and wills within the EU. The Regulation aims to address international succession issues. The Regulation applies to persons who die from 17 August 2015 onward. The Regulation aims to avoid parallel succession-related court proceedings [...]

Private Austrian Foundations

The Austrian private foundation is a type of legal entity which allows the grantor to determine the internal organization and the aim of the entity. Although most aspects of private foundations resemble those of limited companies, Austrian private foundations provide grantors with a greater flexibility to:(1) protect and maintain assets, (2) tailor the foundation according to [...]

Taxation in Iran

The recent lifting of financial and economic sanctions against Iran opened new opportunities for businesses aiming at expanding in Iran, the second largest economy in the Middle East. Currently, the trade between the EU and Iran amounts to annual EUR 7,5 billion. However, due to the new trade opportunities, this amount is expected to grow four [...]